Technion – Israel Institute of Technology
2002 Laureates of Emet Prize
In Category: Exact Sciences
In Field: Chemistry
Nobel Laureate in Chemistry in 2011
Prof. Dan Shechtman was born in Tel Aviv in 1941. He completed his studies at the Technion (bachelor’s degree in machine engineering, master’s and doctorate in materials engineering). He interned at the US Aerospace Research Laboratories, and since 1975 has been a lecturer at the Technion’s Department of Materials Engineering. For many years, he has been a guest professor at Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland.
In his research, he has engaged in the study of the structure of matter, and in developing titanium-aluminide based alloys, developing rapidly solidified aluminum transition metal alloys, and studying the structure of diamond film. The discovery of quasi-periodic materials created a new branch of science. In his scientific work, he studied and explained the structure of these materials. The findings indicated that the knowledge regarding the atomic order of crystalline materials is incomplete, and requires changes and expansion. In light of his discovery, the scientific definition of crystals was changed, and the knowledge he developed led to a new understanding of the structure of solids. Quasi-crystals currently have several industrial applications, and enjoy great industrial potential due to their unusual physical qualities.
Thanks to his research, he is known throughout the world as the “father of the science of quasi-periodic materials.” He devotes his work at the Technion to the materials he discovered, seeking to find technological applications for them. The results of his work have been published in dozens of studies and presented at many international conferences.
His studies and scientific discoveries have earned him many awards, including the Israel Prize, the Rothschild Prize and the Wolf Prize in Israel and a great many prizes abroad. He is a member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, a member of the National Academy of Engineering in the United States and an honorary member of numerous academic societies around the world.