2016 Laureates of Emet Prize
In Category: Humanities
In Field: Holocaust Research
Prof. Yehuda Bauer was born in Prague in 1926 and immigrated to Israel at the age of 13. After serving in the Palmach (1944-45), he traveled to Cardiff, Wales where he completed a B.A. (with honors) and an M.A., interrupting his studies to fight in Israel's War of Independence. In 1960 he received his Ph.D. from the Hebrew University, where he taught for 34 years in the Institute of Contemporary Jewry. In 1977 he was appointed Full Professor.
For 26 years he headed the Department of Holocaust Research, and served two terms as the Director and Academic Chair of the Institute of Contemporary Jewry. He also established the Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism at Hebrew University and served as its Chair, and has been a member of the Academic Committee since 1995. For five years he headed the Institute for Holocaust Study at Yad Vashem, and has served as its academic adviser since 2005. Over the years he has served in additional capacities, including academic adviser to the Swedish government as Chair of the Content Committee of the Stockholm Forum on Holocaust Education, academic advisor to the International Task Force for Holocaust Education and Research, and as an advisor to producers of documentaries, including Pillar of Fire, Shoah (by Claude Lanzmann) and Heritage.
His research deals with the Holocaust, antisemitism and genocide. His numerous publications cover a range of topics, such as Jewish responses to the Holocaust at the time, Jewish steadfastness and organized resistance, the Allied response to the Holocaust, flight and rescue, contacts and negotiations between Jewish leaders and Nazi government representatives concerning the rescue of Jews, and more. He has published tens of books and over 100 articles. His work laid the foundation of the Jerusalem school of Holocaust research, which places the Jews at the center of academic discussion of the Holocaust period.
His work has earned him awards and merits, including the Israel Prize, medals from the governments of Austria, Armenia, Belgium, Germany, Norway, Czech and Sweden. He has also delivered speeches at the German Bundestag, the United Nations and the Austrian Parliament.