Supreme Court of Justice
2014 Laureates of Emet Prize
In Category: Social Sciences
In Field: Law
Prof. Itzhak Zamir was born inWarsawin 1931, and immigrated with his parents to Israel at the age of three. He studied inHerzliyabefore serving in theIsraeli Air Force. After military service he went to study economics and political science, changing his major to law at theHebrew University, where he received his MA. He received his PhD from the University of London. His thesis was "The Declaratory Judgment in English law". He taught for many years as a professor of law at the Hebrew University, and served for three years as Dean of the Faculty of Law. He was then appointed to serve as Attorney General of the State of Israel. Later he served as President of the Press Council. In 1991 he was the Founding-Dean of the Faculty of Law at Haifa University. In 1994 he was appointed Justice of the Supreme Court of Israel. He was Chairperson of the Committee for the System of Appointment of Judges and of other public committees.
He published more than a hundred articles and several books on administrative law in Israel and in other countries. His book on Administrative Power is the most comprehensive book in the field of administrative law in Israel, and the most cited in this field in decisions of the Supreme Court. In his work he laid down the foundations of general administrative law. His decisions as a Justice of the Supreme Court established many precedents, among them invalidating a statute which enabled detention for longer than necessary, defining trade unions, and more.
He received many prizes, including the Zeltner Prize for promoting research in law, the Emil Grunzweig Human Rights Award, the Knesset Speaker’s Prize for promoting the rule of law and democratic values, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation Prize (Germany), the Israel Prize for research in law, and the Gorni Prize by the Association of Public Law in Israel. He also received the Knights of the Movement for Quality Government Award and honorary doctorates.